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AnEasyStep-by-StepSmartHomeWaterGuide Savingwaterissomethingthatwecanalldobutsometimesitshardtoknowwheretogetstarted.WeareexcitedaboutthisnewguideromAMWUAthatshowshowArizonaresidentscantakesimplestepstofndandfxthosesmallleaksthatadduptobiglosses.Lesswaterwastedmeansmorewateroryourcommunity.VeronicaBletteEPAWaterSenseProgram INTRODUCTIONQuestionsVisitamwua.orgorcontactyourlocalwaterconservationocelistedonthebackcover.OurWaterSupplyArizonasaridclimateisaconstantreminderotheimportanceoareliablewatersupply.Decadesowaterresourceplanningandmanagementcoupledwiththeavailabilityodiversewatersourceshelpsstabilizeourexistingsuppliestocreateamorereliableandsecurewateruture.Ongoingresponsiblewatermanagementiscriticaltothevitalityoourcitiesandcommunities.Everyoneplaysapart.AWater-EfficientHomeThemostimportantactionyoucantakeasaresidentialwaterconsumeristomaintainawater-ecienthome.Awater-ecienthomehelpsyouminimizeyourwateruseconserveenergyandreduceyourwaterandsewercosts.Howdoyouknowiyourhomeiswater-efcientTheaveragewateruseinthePhoenixmetroareais6000-15000gallonsperhouseholdpermonth.ThisnumbercanvarygreatlybasedontheollowingactorsNumberopeoplelivinginorvisitingthehomeHouseandorpropertysizePresenceowater-ecientappliancesandplumbingfxturesLandscapetypeandwateringhabitsSeasonalwaterusePresenceoaswimmingpoolPersonalhabitsOccurrenceoindoororoutdoorleaksSmartHomeWaterGuide1 HowToUseThisGuideAnunexpectedhighwaterbillisotentherstsignohighwateruse.Thisguideprovidesuseulinormationonhowtodiscovertypicalleaksandreducewateruseinresidentialsettings.Homeplumbingsystemsdiferhowevertheprocessodiscoveringleaksisrelativelythesame.ReertoWaterEciencyAroundtheHomeSection5ormorewatersavinginormation.Whilesuddenhighuseisotentheresultoleaksitisimportanttoknowthatirrigationcontrollerprogrammingisamorecommoncause.ThinkbackdidyouordidyourlandscaperrecentlyincreaseormakechangestoyourwateringscheduleMakesuretheirrigationsystemdoesnotruntoootenortoolong.Onceyouhaveconrmedthatyourirrigationcontrollerprogrammingisnotthecauseyoucanbeginyoursearchorleaks.StartwithHowtoReadYourWaterMeterSection1tocheckorcontinuousleaks.ThisguideprovidestwomethodsordetectingleaksIsolationMethodandVisualInspectionMethod.TheIsolationMethodorContinuousLeaksSection4isotenthequickestwaytolocateongoinghard-to-ndleaks.IhoweveryouareuncomortableturningwatersupplyvalvesonandofaroundyourhomestartwiththeVisualInspectionMethodSections2and3.ThevisualinspectionmethodsoundinOutdoorVisualLeakInspectionSection2andIndoorVisualLeakInspectionSection3areeasywaystondbothcontinuousandintermittentnon-continuousleaks.DidyouknowAccordingtotheEPAtheaveragehouseholdlosesmorethan10000gallonsofwatereachyearthroughleaksthesameamountowaterneededtowash280loadsolaundrytake600showersormeettheaverageamilyswaterneedsoramonth.Somewaterleaksareslowanddiculttodetectyeteventhesmallestleakscanaddupquickly.FortunatelymostleaksareeasytondiyouknowwheretolookandaresimpletoxSmartHomeWaterGuide 0102030405WhatIsaWaterMeterPage4UnderstandingtheWaterMeterPage4LeakDetectionTestPage5MethodstoDetecttheLocationoLeaksPage6ServiceLineandHouseCheckPage7IrrigationSystemsPage8SwimmingPoolsandSpasPage10FountainsandWaterFeaturesPage11FloodIrrigationPage11ToiletsPage12FaucetsShowerheadsandBathtubsPage12WaterSupplyLinesValvesandCorrosionPage13ServiceLineCheckPage15IsolateIrrigationSystemPage16IsolatePoolorpoolswithanautollPage17IsolateWater-UsingDeviceswithShut-ofValvesPage18IsolateSupplyPipesPage18OutdoorEciencyTipsPage19IndoorEciencyTipsPage21WaterSpeak101Page23ResourcesPage24HowtoReadYourWaterMeterOutdoorVisualLeakInspectionIndoorVisualLeakInspectionIsolationMethodforContinuousLeaksWaterEfficiencyAroundtheHome06GlossaryandResources 58T-1005033026GALLONSWaterRevenueSystemT-1005033026GALLONSWaterRevenueSystem801HowtoReadYourWaterMeterImportantNotes1.Somewaterproviderslockthelidsoresidentialwatermeterboxes.IthisisthecaseyoumayneedtocontactyourproviderorstartwiththevisualinspectionsinSections2and3.2.HomesinPhoenixandQueenCreekmeasurewateruseincubiceetmarkedondialace.Onecubicootequals7.48gallons.Multiplythecubiceetby7.48toobtainthenumberogallons.WhatisaWaterMeterAwatermeterisadevicethatmeasuresthevolumeowaterdeliveredtoaproperty.Somewatermetersmeasurewateringallonswhileothersmeasureincubiceet.Mostresidentialwatermetersarelocatednearthecurborsidewalkattherontothepropertyinaconcretebox.ThewatermeterboxwillhaveametalorplasticlidandmaybemarkedWaterMeter.Usealongscrewdrivertoremovethelid.1Howeverbecautiousasinsectsreptilesorothersmallanimalsoccasionallytakeresidenceinsidetheboxes.Somewatermeterswillhaveasmallhingedcoverwhileothersmaynot.Litthecoveranduseadampragtowipetheaceclean.UnderstandingtheWaterMeterLookatyourwatermetertodetermineiyouhaveananalogdialoradigitaldisplay.Instructionsorreadingbothtypesowatermetersareincludedinthissection.READINGTHEANALOGDISPLAYThelargesweephandonthedialmeasureswateruseingallonsorcubiceet.2Onegallonoronecubicootowaterpassesthroughthewatermeterasthesweephandmovesromonenumbertothenexte.g.0to1.Acompleterotationequals10gallonsor10cubiceetdependingontheunitmeasured.Mostanalogdialshavealow-fowindicatorthatturnsaswatermovesthroughthewatermeter.Thistypicallylookslikeasmalltriangleshownstarorgear.AnalogExampleThesweephandisonthe1sothereadis1356411gallons.Thelastnumberontherightisastaticzerodoesnotchange.Whenthesweephandisonthe3thereadwillbe1356413gallons.Whenyourecordyourreadingonpage6makesuretousethenumberindicatedbythesweeparmasthenaldigit.4SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionOneDIGITAL9Gallons1356410807654321Recordall05962513836007Model9Gallons1356410807654321Recordall05962513836007ModelsANALOG ACTIVATINGANDREADINGTHEDIGITALDISPLAYLCDThedigitalmeterneedslightoractivationsoyoumanyneedtoshineafashlightonit.Thedisplayalternatesbetweenthemeterreadandthefowrate.Themeterreadequalsthegallonsorcubiceetusedwhilethefowrateequalsthenumberogallonsorcubiceetperminutefowingthroughthewatermeter.Somedigitalmetersallowreviewohistoricalwateruse.Thiseaturehelpstrackwaterusetrendssuchaswhenleakshaveoccurred.Checkyourwaterproviderswebsiteormoreinormation.LeakDetectionTestOnceyouknowhowtoreadyourwatermeteryoucanbegintocheckorthepresenceocontinuousleaksbyollowingtheprocedurebelow.Donotusewateroroperateanywater-usingdevicesinoraroundyourhomeduringthetest.FORANALOGDISPLAYMETERSo1.Observethesweephand.Iitismovingyouhaveacontinuousleak.o2.Observethelow-fowindicator.Iitismovingyouhaveacontinuousleak.3o3.Someleaksaresosmallthatthemovementisalmostundetectable.TodetermineiyouhaveaslowleakA.Readyourwatermeterandrecordthenumbersintheboxesonpage6.Usethenumberindicatedbythesweeparmasthenaldigit.B.Wait20minutesthenreadyourwatermeteragainandrecordthenumbersintheboxesonpage6.C.Subtracttherstwatermeterreadingromthesecond.D.IGallonsUsedisgreaterthanzeroyouhaveacontinuousleak.FORDIGITALDISPLAYLCDMETERSo1.Observethefowratescreenoratleast10fashes.Ithenumberisgreaterthanzeroonanyothefashesyouhaveacontinuousleak.3o2.Someleaksareveryslowandmaynotshowasacontinuousfow.TodetermineiyouhaveaslowleakollowStep3above.Step-by-stepInstructions3.Youmaywanttoconrmthatnowateruseoccurredduringyourtestsuchasafushedtoiletoraucetuse.OtherpossiblereasonsorsmallamountsowateruseincludepoolrellautollactivatedevaporativecoolerrellicemakerrellreverseosmosisROsystemregenerationorwatersotenerregeneration.Considerturningotheirwatersupplies.SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionOne5WATERMETERS CAUTIONShut-ovalvesmayailorbreakitheyareoldorcorroded.Youshouldonlyturnshut-ovalvesbyhand.MethodstoDetecttheLocationofLeaksThisguideprovidestwomethodstodetectthelocationoleakstheIsolationMethodandtheVisualInspectionMethod.Abriefdescriptionofbothmethodsfollows.ISOLATIONMETHODThepurposeotheIsolationMethodistoisolatedierentsectionsotheplumbinginandaroundyourhome.IyourWaterMeterCheckSection1indicatedacontinuousleakconsiderusingtheIsolationMethodtodiscovertheleaklocation.Thisisotenthequickestwaytolocateongoinghard-to-ndleaks.Youwillturnwatersupplyvalvesotopreventwaterromfowingintowatersupplypipes.IyouarecomortableturningvalvesonandogotoIsolationMethodorContinuousLeaksSection4.VISUALINSPECTIONMETHODConducttheVisualInspectionMethodiyoudidnotdetectacontinuousleakwhenyouperormedtheWaterMeterCheckSection1oriyouareuncomortablewiththeIsolationMethod.UsethechecklistsintheOutdoorVisualLeakInspectionSection2andIndoorVisualLeakInspectionSection3toconductvisualleakinspectionsaroundyourhome.ExampleofthepresenceofacontinuousleakFillinyourmeterreadings1stReadTime1025GallonsUsed2ndReadTime10451356423135641112-1stReadTime____GallonsUsed2ndReadTime____-DidYouKnowA0.1gallonperminuteleakwastes4320gallonspermonth.Thatequatestoasmuchas51840gallonsowaterperyear6SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionOne 02OutdoorVisualLeakInspectionServiceLineandHouseCheckAservicelineisanundergroundpipethatcarrieswaterromyourmetertoyourhome.oSTEPONEFindyourwatermeter.Mostresidentialwatermetersarelocatednearthecurborsidewalkattherontothepropertyinaconcretebox.TheboxwillhaveametalorplasticlidandmaybemarkedWaterMeter.Careullylitthecoverandcheckorleaks.oSTEPTWOFindthehousemainshut-ofvalveonthewatersupplyrisergenerallylocatedintherontoronthesideothehousebelowthehosebibb.Seeexamplesaboveortwotypicalset-ups.Checkorleakingwateraroundexposedpipesandvalves.oSTEPTHREEVisuallyinspectyourpropertybetweenyourhouseshut-ofvalveandyourwatermeter.Awetspotsmallholeordepressionmayindicateanundergroundleakintheserviceline.ReertoIsolateServiceLineSection4iyoususpectaleakinyourserviceline.oSTEPFOURCheckallotherhosebibbsandoroutdooraucetsordrippingwaterandorwetspots.Step-by-stepInstructionsSomewaterproviderslocktheirmeterboxes.Contactyourwaterproviderormoreinormation.InthemeantimecontinuewithVisualLeakInspectionsSections2and3iyoucannotaccessyourwatermeter.iSmartHomeWaterGuideSectionTwo7BackowPreventerBackowPreventerHouseShut-ofValveHouseShut-ofValveHoseBibbHoseBibbExample1b.ValvesopenExample1a.ValvesopenHouseShut-ofValveBackowPreventerServiceLineWaterMeter IrrigationSystemsThemostcommonleaksoundaroundthehomeoccurintheirrigationsystem.Atypicalirrigationsystemconsistsoabackfowpreventiondevicevalvesundergroundpipesemittersandorsprinklerheadsandanirrigationcontroller.oFirstwalkaroundyourpropertytolookorleaks.Checkthebackfowpreventiondevicetheirrigationvalvesandlookorwetspotssmallholesanddepressionsasthesemayindicateanundergroundleak.oNextruntheirrigationsystemandwalkaroundyourpropertyagaintolookorleaksthatonlyoccurwhenthesystemruns.Usethechecklistsbelow.BACKFLOWPREVENTIONDEVICEAbackfowpreventiondeviceprotectsdrinkingwaterromcontaminationduetobackfow.Backfowcanoccurwhenthewatersystempressuredecreasessuchasinthecaseoawatermainbreak.Beginyourcheckorirrigationsystemleaksatthebackfowpreventiondevicegenerallylocatednearthehouseshut-ovalve.Inspectbackfowpreventiondeviceorleaks.oMinorintermittentdrippingorsquirtingindicatesbackfowpreventionmayhaveoccurredGoodoApuddleowateronthegroundorcontinuousdrippingmayindicatealeakorpossibleailureothebackfowpreventiondevice.BadIRRIGATIONVALVESoInspectirrigationvalvesorsignsoleakssuchasstandingwaterintheirrigationvalvebox.oChecksprinklerheadswhentheyarenotrunning.Continuousseepingotenindicatesamalunctioningvalve.Valvescanailovertimesuchasacrackeddiaphragmordebrisrocksdirtetc.canpreventthevalveromclosingproperly.Step-by-stepInstructions8SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionTwoContactyourwaterproviderorinormationabouthowtolocateacertiedbackfowcontractorinyourareatotestandrepairyourbackfowpreventiondevice.i SPRINKLERHEADSBUBBLERSANDDRIPIRRIGATIONVisuallyinspectequipmentandpropertyoLookformissingorbrokendripirrigationemittersorcrackedtubing.Watershouldtrickleratherthansquirtfromemitters.oCheckwipersealsbetweentheneckandbaseofthesprinklerheads.Waterwillseepoutofawornseal.oLookformissingorbrokensprinklerheadsorcrackedriserpipes.oCheckformissingorbrokenbubblersorcrackedriserpipes.oInspectyouryardforwetspotssmallholesordepressionsasthesemayindicateanundergroundwaterleak.OUTDOORSmartHomeWaterGuideSectionTwo9PVCpipeRiserWiperSealBrokensprinklerheadMissingdripemitterAccordingtoEPAWaterSenseanirrigationsystemthathasaleak132ndofaninchindiameteraboutthethicknessofadimecanwasteabout6300gallonspermonth.DidyouknowSprinklerHead THEBUCKETTESTIyouhavenotlocatedyourleakandyouhavecheckedaroundyourhomeconsideraBucketTestiyoususpectaleakinyourpoolsystem.1.Disableturnotheautollipresent.2.Placeabucketorcontaineronapoolstepwithoutsubmergingit.3.Usealargerockorbricktoweighdownthecontainer.4.Fillitwithwatersoitisthesamelevelasthepoolwater.5.Markthewaterlevelinsidethebucket.6.Markthepoolwaterlevelontheoutsideothebucket.7.Waitatleasttwotothreedaystoletnaturalevaporationoccur.Comparethetwowaterlevels.A.Ithepoolwaterleveloutsidemarkdroppedmorethanthebucketswaterlevelinsidemarkyoumayhavealeakandmaywanttocontactapoolcontractor.B.Ithelevelchangesarethesameonlyevaporationhasoccurred.Resumenormalautolloperation.SwimmingPoolsandSpasPoolwaterevaporationisnormalhoweveranabnormaldropinwaterlevelmayindicatealeak.Anautollautomaticpoolwaterlevelercanmaskaleakasitwillautomaticallyreplacewaterlostandtherebypreventavisibledropinpoollevel.STEPONECheckthepoolandorspaautollorproperoperationoLookatthepoolwaterlevel.Theautollshouldkeepthepoolwaterlevelatthemiddleotheskimmerboxopening.Ithewaterlevelistoohighexcesswatercanescapethroughgapsunderthedeckingatthetopothepoolorthroughtheautollcrockcontainerinwhichtheautollsits.oChecktheautolltoseeiitcanstopthewaterfow.Iyourautollisallowingwatertofowthroughitgentlylititsfoattoseeithefowstops.oCheckthefoat.Isettoohighitwillcauseahigherthandesiredpoolwaterlevel.STEPTWOCheckthepoolandorspasystemequipmentoNotepoollevelandthenturnonpoolequipment.Adropinwaterlevelmayindicatealeak.oVisuallyinspectequipmentespeciallyaroundpipejoints.Walkromthepoolequipmenttothepooltothewatersupplylineiyouhaveanautollandaroundthepool.Lookoranywetspotssmallholesordepressionsinthesoilasthesemightindicateanundergroundwaterleak.Step-by-stepInstructions10SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionTwoBesuretocheckpoollevelmorerequentlyduringsummermonths FountainsandWaterFeaturesCheckorleaksorcracksonwatersupplylinesandpipes.oLookorstructuralcracksordamagedbasins.oAdjustautolltoavoidbasinoverll.FloodIrrigationoVisuallyinspectyourfoodirrigationbermintegritytoensureirrigationwaterstaysonproperty.oCheckorcloggedgatesortrenches.oMakesureditchesareclearoweedsandobstructions.oCleananygatesinyoursystembeoreandduringyourwaterdelivery.oRegularlymaintainyouryardvalvesorgates.oKeepyardvalvesandgatestightlyclosedunlessirrigating.oContactyourirrigationwaterprovideroradditionalquestions.Step-by-stepInstructionsSmartHomeWaterGuideSectionTwo11Propertyownersareresponsibleorkeepingfoodirrigationwatercontainedwithintheiryards.i ToiletsToiletleaksarethemostcommontypeoleakoundinsidethehome.Becausethistypeoleakcanbesilentitmaygounnoticed.Understandingthebasicmechanicsoyourtoiletcansaveyouthousandsogallonsowaterperyear.PERFORMATOILETDYETEST.o1.Litthetankcover.o2.Placeaewdropsooodcoloringintothetank.o3.Wait15minutesdonotusethetoilet.o4.Ithecolorappearsinthetoiletbowlyouhavealeak.IFYOUHAVEALEAKCHECKoA.OverfowTubeWatershouldbeahal-inchbelowthetopothetube.oB.LitChainItshouldnotcatchonanything.oC.FlapperEnsureitisseatingproperly.oD.FlushHandleMakesureitunctionsproperly.FaucetsShowerheadsandBathtubsAnannoyingdrippingsoundisotenthefrstsignoaleak.Faucetsshowerheadsandbathtubsmayalsohaveleakshiddenromview.oLookordrippingsinkandbathtubaucetsandshowerheads.Worn-outwasherstypicallycauseaucetandshowerheadleaks.oCheckunderandaroundsinksorwetspotsamustysmellorbowedcabinetry.oCheckormoisturearoundaucetsshowerheadsandbathtubs.03IndoorVisualLeakInspectionStep-by-stepInstructionsStep-by-stepInstructions12SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionThreeA.B.C.D. INDOORWaterSupplyLinesValvesandCorrosionWater-usingdevicescanleakandcausedamagetowallsandfoorspotentiallycreatinganenvironmentormoldormildew.Lookorcontinuousleaksinsupplylinesttingsandvalves.Alsolookorleakscausedbycorrosionsuchasarustywaterheaterbottom.Leaksmaybeintermittentmeaningtheyonlyoccurwhenawater-usingdeviceisinoperation.Runwater-usingdevicessuchasaclotheswasherordishwashertoseeialeakoccurswhilerunning.oLookandlistenorrunningordrippingwateronRerigeratorswithicewaterdispensersClotheswashersDishwashersHumidiersIcemakersWaterheatersWatersotenersReverseosmosisROsystemsAnyotherwater-usingdeviceSmartHomeWaterGuideSectionThree13Step-by-stepInstructionsDidyouknowAleakingtoiletcanwasteover6000gallonspermonth.Thatequatestoasmuchas72000gallonsowaterperyearAleakyshowerheadoraucetthatdripsattherateoonedrippersecondcanwastemorethan250gallonspermonth.Thatequatestoover3000gallonsowaterperyear 04IsolationMethodIyourLeakDetectionTestSection1indicatedacontinuousleakconsiderusingtheIsolationMethodtodiscovertheleaklocation.Thisisotenthequickestwaytolocateongoinghard-to-ndleaks.Thisguideassumesoneleakoreaseodemonstrationhoweveryoumayhavemorethanonecontinuousleak.Donotusewateroroperateanywater-usingdevicesinoraroundyourhomeduringthetest.Youwillrstchecktheservicelinethenisolatesystemsorwatering-usingdevicesasappropriateandnallyyoumayneedtodovisualinspections.NoteYouwillbeturningwatersupplyvalvesonandointhissection.Youmaypreertoutilizetheservicesoaproessionalplumberorcontractorratherthandoingtheworkyoursel.GATEVALVEAgatevalveopensbyturningthehandleletcounterclockwisetostartwaterfowandclosesbyturningitrightclockwisetostopwaterfow.BALLVALVEAballvalveopensbyturningthehandleparalleltothewaterlinetostartwaterfowandclosesbyturningitperpendiculartothewaterlinetostopwaterfow.CAUTIONShut-ovalvesmayailorbreakitheyareoldorcorroded.Youshouldonlyturnshut-ovalvesbyhand.14SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFourIsolationMethodforContinuousLeaks ServiceLineCheckTheservicelineisanundergroundpipethatcarrieswaterromyourwatermetertoyourhome.Thesestepswillpreventwaterromfowingtoallotherareasoyourpropertywhilekeepingyourservicelineullowaterandpressurized.TochecktheservicelineDonotturnothewatersupplyatthewatermeter.Theservicelinemustremainullowaterandpressurizedduringleakchecks.Theservicelinewillcontinuallyrellwithwaterialeakispresent.STEPONEoFindthehousemainshut-ovalveonthewatersupplyrisergenerallylocatedintherontoronthesideothehousebelowthehosebibbandturntotheoposition.Seeexamplesabove.STEPTWOoLookatyourplumbingsetup.Doyouseeanywatersupplylinesthatbypassthehouseshut-ovalveSeeExample2b.Isoturntheshut-ovalvetotheopositionaswell.Noteasmallamountowatermaysquirtromthebackfowpreventiondevicewhenyouturnothevalve.Continuedonpage16Step-by-stepInstructionsISOLATIONMETHODSmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFour15HouseShut-ofValveBackowPreventerServiceLineWaterMeterExample2a.ValveclosedBackowPreventerHoseBibbHouseShut-ofValveHouseShut-ofValveExample2b.ValvesclosedHouseShut-ofValveBackowPreventerHoseBibbHouseShut-ofValve ServiceLineCheckcontinuedSTEPTHREENootherareasoyourpropertyshouldhavewaterfow.ToveriyyoumaywanttooTurnonahouseaucet.Waterfowshouldstop.oRunyourirrigationcontroller.Youshouldnothavewaterfowtothelandscape.oPressorpushtheautollasitotriggerwaterfowintothepool.Nowaterfowshouldoccur.STEPFOURoUseyourwatermetertoperormaLeakDetectionTestSection1.Ithewatermeterisstillrecordingwaterusecallaplumberorrepairs.Ithewatermeterdidnotrecordwateruseyourservicelineisnotleaking.STEPFIVEoTurntheshut-ovalvesbacktotheonposition.IsolateIrrigationSystemThesestepswillisolatetheirrigationsystembypreventingwaterromfowingthroughit.oFindtheirrigationwatersupplyshut-ovalvegenerallylocatedadjacenttothebackfowpreventiondeviceontherontsideorbackothehouse.Turnittotheoposition.Thiswillisolatetheirrigationsystemromitswatersupplyandstopaleakipresent.oRunyourirrigationcontroller.Watershouldnotfowtothelandscape.oUseyourwatermetertoperormaLeakDetectionTestSection1.Iyourwatermeterisnolongerrecordingwateruseyouhavediscoveredaleakinyourirrigationsystem.Theleaklocationismostlikelyinthepipebetweenthebackfowpreventerandanirrigationvalveboxorisamalunctioningvalveinsideanirrigationvalvebox.Iyourwatermeterisstillrecordingwateruseyourleakiselsewhereonyourproperty.oYoumayleaveirrigationwatersupplyshut-ovalveintheopositionuntilallisolationtestsarecomplete.Step-by-stepInstructionsItisthehomeownersresponsibilitytondandrepairleaksonthehomeownerssideothemeterbox.Iyouneedthewatersupplyshutoatthewatermetercontactyourwaterproviderorinstructions.i16SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFour IsolatePoolForPoolswithanAutofillThesestepswillisolatethepoolsystembypreventingwaterromfowingthroughit.oFindthepoolwatersupplyshut-ovalvegenerallylocatedadjacenttothebackfowpreventiondeviceonthesideothehouseclosesttothepool.Turnittotheoposition.Thiswillisolatethepoolsystemromitswatersupplyandstopaleakipresent.oPressorpushtheautollasitotriggerwaterfowintothepool.Nowaterfowshouldoccur.oUseyourwatermetertoperormaLeakDetectionTestSection1.Iyourwatermeterisnolongerrecordingwateruseyouhavediscoveredaleakinyourpoolsystem.Ithisisthecaseturnothewatersupplyandllthepoolwiththehoseasneededuntilarepairoccurs.Iyourwatermeterisstillrecordingwateruseyourleakiselsewhereonyourproperty.oTurntheshut-ovalvebacktotheonpositionoryoumayleaveitintheopositionuntilallisolationtestsarecomplete.SeeSection2SwimmingPoolsandSpaspage10ormorepoolchecks.Step-by-stepInstructionsSomeirrigationandpoolsystemsdonothavededicatedshut-ovalves.Ithisisthecaseyoumaybeabletousethebackfowpreventiondevicetoisolatetheirrigationandorpoolsystems.iSmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFour17PoolautollPoolwatersupplyshut-ofvalveValve IsolateWater-UsingDeviceswithShut-offValvesAswiththeirrigationsystemandpoolyoucanisolateallwater-usingdevicesthathaveawatersupplyshut-oorbypassvalve.ItemsospecialnotearereverseosmosisROsystemsclotheswashershumidiersicemakerswaterheatersevaporativecoolerswatereaturesandwatersoteners.Eachtimeyoustopwaterromfowingtoawater-usingdeviceperormaLeakDetectionTestSection1.Iyourwatermeternolongerrecordswateruseyouhavediscoveredaleak.Youmayleavethewatersupplyshut-ovalvesintheopositionuntilallisolationtestsarecomplete.IsolateSupplyPipesoTurnoallwatersupplyorbypassvalvesexceptorthehousemainvalve.IfthewatermeterstillindicateswaterusagedothefollowingoGooutsideyourhouseandcheckallwatersupplypipesoutsideyourhome.Supplypipesareullowaterandpressurizedotenhiddenromviewandcanleakcontinually.Lookorwetspotssmallholesanddepressionsinyouryardastheymayindicateanundergroundwaterleak.oInspectyourpropertyalongthewatersupplyroutesromthehouseshut-otoyourpoolautollwatersupplyshut-ovalve.oInspectyourpropertyromthehouseshut-ovalvetotheirrigationwatersupplyshut-ovalve.oGoinsideyourhouseandlookordampspotsandwaterstainsontheceilingandwalls.oCheckorhotspotsonthefooraterrunninghotwatertonearbyxturesasthiscouldindicatealeakinghotwaterpipeundertheconcreteslab.Mostinteriorpipeleaksoccuronhotwatersupplylinesduetoexpansioncontractionromtemperaturechanges.Step-by-stepInstructionsYoumayneedtoutilizetheservicesoaproessionalplumberorcontractorwhoprovidesleakdetectionservicesiyoucannotdiscovertheleaklocation.18SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFouri 05WaterEfficiencyAroundtheHomeEfficiencyTipsYouwillachievewatersavingsbyswitchingtomoreecientappliancesandxturesmaintaininghouseholdwater-usingdevicesandpracticingwater-wisebehaviors.Awater-ecienthomealsohelpsconserveenergyandmayreduceyoursewercosts.Theollowingprovideshelpultipsonmaintainingawater-ecienthome.OutdoorEfficiencyTipsBelowarechecklistsorimprovingwatereciencyoutsideyourhome.IRRIGATIONSYSTEMANDLANDSCAPEWATERMANAGEMENToPlandesignandinstallanecientirrigationsystem.oInstalllow-water-useplants.SeeResourcesonpage24.oAdjustyourwateringscheduleatleastseasonally4timesayear.oKnowhowtowateryourplantsproperly.oUsealongscrewdriverasasoilprobetotestsoilmoisture.Iyoucanpushiteasilyintoyourlawnorseveralinchesdonotwater.oLookorsignsooverwateringsuchasleavesturninglightershadesogreenoryellowyoungshootswiltingoralgaeorungigrowth.oOnceamonthturnoneachirrigationstationorzoneandlookorleaksandwaterwaste.oAdjustsprinklerheadssotheydonotspraysidewalksdrivewayswallsorbuildings.oMowregularlytopreventgrassromobstructingsprinklerspray.oLookorwatersprayorseepageromthetoporbottomosprinklerheadsasthisisanindicationoabrokensprinklerheadorriserinneedorepair.oCheckorwaterinthevalveboxasthismayindicatealeakyvalveinneedorepair.oLookorwetspotssmallholesordepressionsinthegroundasthismayindicateanundergroundirrigationleak.oKnowthelocationoyourirrigationshut-ofvalvesoyoucanquicklyshutofyourirrigationwatersupplysysteminemergencies.SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFive19 OutdoorEfficiencyTipscontinuedPOOLSPAANDWATERFEATUREWATERMANAGEMENTThetypicalswimmingpoolcanlosetheequivalentoitsentirewatervolumetoevaporation10000-25000gallonsinoneyear.Thisistheamountowaterneededtomeettheaverageamilyswaterneedsorthreemonths.oUseapoolcovertominimizeevaporationmonitorrequentlyorwaterquality.oYoumaybeabletousebackwashwateronsalttolerantplants.Contactyourwaterproviderormoreinormation.oBackwashpoolonlyuntilthewaterrunsclear.oConsiderusingacartridgelterthatdoesnotrequirebackwashing.oProperlymaintainchemicalstoreducetherequencyopooldraining.oDonotoverllyourpool.Thiswillminimizepotentiallossromsplashing.oIyouchoosetoinstallawatereatureconsideronethatdoesnotsplashorsprayintotheair.EVAPORATIVECOOLERSWAMPCOOLERWATERMANAGEMENTAnevaporativecoolerisanalternativetoastandardairconditioningunitasacoolingsystem.Thesesystemscoolairthroughwaterevaporation.oCheckpanorcorrosionthatmayresultinaleak.oInspectfoatassemblytomakesurethewatershutsobeorereachingtheoverfowline.oUsearecirculatingpumpandmakenecessaryadjustmentstoensureevenwaterdistributiononpads.20SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFiveDidYouKnowAtypicalswimmingpoolcanlosetheequivalentoitsentirewatervolumetoevaporationinoneyeartheamountowaterneededtomeetanaverageamilyswaterneedsorthreemonths IndoorEfficiencyTipsBelowarechecklistsorimprovingeciencyinsideyourhome.BATHROOMTOILETSSHOWERHEADSBATHTUBSANDFAUCETSThemajorityofindoorwateruseoccursinthebathroom.oReplaceoldertoiletswithWaterSenselabeledtoilets.oAvoidin-tanktoiletcleanerswhichmaydecreasethelieoyourtoiletfapper.oReplaceoldershowerheadswithWaterSenselabeledshowerheads.oTakeve-minuteshowersorshallowbaths.oUseWaterSenselabeledaucetaerators.oTurnothewaterwhenlatheringshavingorbrushingyourteeth.KITCHENFAUCETSDISHWASHERSREFRIGERATORSANDREVERSEOSMOSISROSYSTEMSoUseWaterSenselabeledaucetaerators.oChilldrinkingwaterinthererigeratorratherthanwaitingorcoolwatertoarriveatthetap.oPurchaseadishwasherwiththeENERGYSTARlogowhichareonaveragemoreenergyandwaterecientthanoldermodels.oRunullloadsindishwashersratherthanwashingbyhand.oROsystemscanuseoverourgallonsowateroreachgallonowatermadesolookorwater-ecientROsystems.LAUNDRYROOMWASHINGMACHINEoPurchaseawashingmachinewiththeENERGYSTARlogowhichareonaveragemoreenergyandwaterecientthanoldermodels.oWashullloadsoradjustloadsettingwhenwashingsmallerloads.WATERHEATERSHOTWATERTANKSWaterheaterscanspringleaksattheirttingsorromthedrainvalveatthebottomothetank.Inadditioncorrosioncaneatthroughthetankliner.oListenandvisuallycheckorleaksaroundthetankttinganddrainvalve.oFlushthewaterheateratleastannuallytoremoveaccumulateddepositsthatcancontributetotankcorrosion.Seeownersmanualordirections.EFFICIENCYTIPSSmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFive21 IndoorEfficiencyTipscontinuedHOTWATERRECIRCULATIONSYSTEMRecirculationsystemsmaybecomeleak-proneastheyage.oCheckpipesandvalvesorsignsoleaksormalunctions.oPurchaseon-demandrecirculationsystemsthatonlyrunwhenneededorconsultaqualiedplumberaboutwhatsystemwouldworkbestoryou.oTimer-basedsystemskeephotwaterinthehotwaterlineduringuser-setperiods.Turntimerofwhenoutotown.Seeownersmanualordirections.WATERSOFTENERWATERCONDITIONINGResidentialwatersotenerscanuse25gallonsowaterormoreperday.Asthesesystemsagetheymaybecomeleak-proneandinecient.Manywatersotenersaresettoregenerateatnightbutyoumayhaveadiferenttimetableoritmaybeanon-demandtypesystem.Youcanpreventasotenerromusingwaterbyengagingthebypasslocatedonthetopothewatersotener.oConsiderremovingyourwatersotener.oLookorhigheciencymodelsiyouchoosetoinstallawatersotener.22SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionFive 06GlossaryandResourcesWaterSpeak101AERATORAdevicescrewedontotheendoaaucetspoutthatmixesairintofowingwatertoreducewaterfowAUTOFILLAutomaticPoolWaterLevelerThisdeviceautomaticallyallowswatertofowintoapooltomaintainadesiredpoolwaterlevelBACKFLOWPREVENTIONDEVICEAdevicethatpreventscontaminantsromenteringthedrinkingwatersupplyBERMAraisedbarriersuchasmoundeddirtusedtocontainirrigationwaterCONTINUOUSLEAKAnongoingleakthatoccurswhetherornotawater-usingdeviceisinoperationEMITTERAdeviceontheendodripirrigationtubingthatregulatesfowFLOODIRRIGATIONAfowowaterthatllsabasinsurroundedbybermsorlandscapeirrigationHOMEVS.HOUSEHomereerstothepremisesboththepropertyandthehousehousereerstothestructureitselHOSEBIBBExteriorhoseconnectionorspigotHOTSPOTAhotorwarmsuraceareacausedbyaleakingsubsuracehotwatersupplylineHOUSEMAINWATERSHUT-OFFVALVEThisvalvestopsthefowowaterromtheservicelinetothehouseINTERMITTENTLEAKAnon-continuousleakthatstartsandstopsthistypeoleakotencoincideswiththeoperationoawaterusing-deviceIRRIGATIONCONTROLLERTIMERControlstherequencyanddurationoirrigationwateringcyclesbyautomaticallyactivatingthecontrolvalvesIRRIGATIONSTATIONValveZoneStationsprogrammedintheirrigationcontrollerswitchonthevalvesthatreleasethewatertotheirrigationzonesinyouryardorgarden.Thetermsstationvalveandzoneareotenusedinterchangeablyeventhoughtheyhavedierentmeanings.IRRIGATIONSYSTEMOtenconsistsoabackfowpreventiondeviceundergroundpipesvalvesandemittersbubblersandorsprinklerheadsandanirrigationcontrollerLOW-FLOWINDICATORLEAKDETECTORTypicallylookslikeasmalltrianglestarorgearontheaceothewatermeterandrotateswhenwaterfowsthroughthewatermeterSmartHomeWaterGuideSectionSix23 SmartHomeWaterGuideSectionWaterSpeak101continuedOVERFLOWTUBEAtubeinthetoilettankthatallowswatertofowintothetoiletbowlRISERAnextensionpiperomanirrigationdistributionlinetoanemitterorsprinklerheadSERVICELINEAnundergroundpipethatcarrieswaterromthewatermetertoyourhomeSHUT-OFFVALVESTherearetwomaintypesoshut-ovalvesoundinthehomeSeepage14.Agatevalveopensbyturningthehandleletcounterclockwisetostartwaterfowandclosesbyturningitrightclockwisetostopwaterfow.Aballvalveopensbyturningthehandleparalleltothewaterlinetostartwaterfowandclosesbyturningitperpendiculartothewaterlinetostopwaterfow.TOILETFLAPPERAdeviceinatoilettankthatcontrolsthereleaseowaterromthetoilettanktothetoiletbowlWATER-USINGDEVICEAdevicesuchasanappliancedishwasherclotheswasheretc.evaporativecoolerwatereaturekoipondorautomaticpetwateringtroughthatutilizeswaterResourcesThisguideocusesonndingcommonleaksinandaroundyourhome.Youmayexperienceoneormoreleaksatdierenttimes.Usethisguideasaremindertocheckyourhomeregularlythiswillhelpyoustayontopoleaksandsavewaterandmoney.Ongoingresponsiblewatermanagementiscriticaltoourcommunities.WeprovideanonlineversionothisguidewithlinkstoresourcessuchasDo-it-yourselfrepairsWater-savingtipsLandscapingguidesVisitwww.amwua.orgormoreinormation.SmartHomeWaterGuide24QuestionsVisitamwua.orgorcontactyourlocalwaterconservationocelistedonthebackcover. ThisguideispartoanexpansivetoolboxoinormationguidestrainingoutreachandmessagingdevelopedthroughAMWUAsRegionalConservationProgramtoassistresidentsandbusinessestoconserveanduseourwatersuppliesasecientlyaspossible.TheseefortsaredevelopedcollaborativelybythewaterconservationproessionalsothetenAMWUAmembercitiesandAMWUAstafworkingtogetherwiththeArizonaDepartmentoWaterResourcesSaltRiverProjectCentralArizonaProjectBureauoReclamationEPAWaterSensetheUniversityoArizonatradeassociationsandothers.Bypoolingourtimeexpertiseandexperiencewehavebeenabletocost-efectivelycreatepracticaluseulresourcesthataresharedwithcustomersacrossthePhoenixmetroareaandbeyond.Since1969AMWUAhasworkedtoprotectourmembersabilitytoprovideassuredsaeandsustainablewatersuppliestotheircommunities.Visitwww.amwua.orgormoreresourcesandinormationaboutconservationwaterresourcesandhowourmembersareplanningandmanagingoursuppliesortodayandgenerationstocome.TogetherweareOneforWater. CityofAvondaleWaterConservationOfcePhone623333-4400TTY623333-0010www.avondale.orgCityofChandlerWaterConservationOfcePhone480782-3580TDD800367-8939www.chandleraz.govTownofGilbertWaterConservationOfcePhone480503-6098www.gilbertaz.govCityofGlendaleWaterConservationOfcePhone623930-3596TDD623930-2197www.glendaleaz.comCityofGoodyearH2O365PublicWorksDept.Phone623932-3010TDD623932-6500www.goodyearaz.govCityofMesaWaterConservationProgramPhone480644-3306TDD480644-2778www.mesaaz.govCityofPeoriaPublicWorks-UtilitiesDept.Phone623773-7286TDD623773-7221www.peoriaaz.govCityofPhoenixWaterEfciencyPhone602261-8367TDD602534-1113www.phoenix.govCityofScottsdaleWaterConservationOfcePhone480312-5650TDD480312-5419www.scottsdaleaz.govCityofTempeWaterConservationOfcePhone480350-2668TDD480350-8400www.tempe.govPhone602248-8482www.amwua.org