water conservation arizona landscape plants
Low-Water Trees

Trees are the largest plants for our landscapes and provide the greatest benefits. They add permanent structure to the design and can become the ceilings and walls of our outdoor living spaces.

Click the photo or [plant info sheet] links to get detailed information about each plant as well as photos of the plants. Click these links for a guide to understanding plant names, and selection and planting tips for trees.

Common Name: Guajillo
Botanical Name: Acacia berlandieri


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 15' h x 15' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream puffballs
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring to fall
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: vase-shaped low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: variable
Other Features: Lush-looking shrub for screening or attractive small tree.
Native to: Mexico, southern Texas, southern Texas and Mexico, Texas
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: White Thorn Acacia
Botanical Name: Acacia constricta


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 10' h x 15' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Yellow puffballs
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring to summer
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: multitrunked low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium
Attracts Wildlife: birds growing plants in the desert southwest
Other Features: Good for naturalistic landscapes. Attracts birds.
Native to: Chihuahuan Desert, Sonoran Desert
Also try A. greggii.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Leather-Leaf Acacia
Botanical Name: Acacia craspedocarpa


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 10' h x 8' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Yellow puffballs
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring to summer
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: gray-green
Growth Rate: slow-moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: rounded low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Good for small spaces or in large containers.
Native to: Australia
Also try A. aneura.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Sweet Acacia
Botanical Name: Acacia farnesiana


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 20' h x 20' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Golden yellow puffballs
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: late winter to spring
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: vase-shaped low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: small
Other Features: Sweet-scented flowers provide good winter color.
May be sold as Acacia smallii, A. minuta.
Native to: South America, southern U.S., southern U.S. into South America
Also try A. schaffneri.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Blackbrush Acacia
Botanical Name: Acacia rigidula


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 12' h x 12' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Light yellow spikes
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: shrublike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium
Other Features: Effective as a barrier. Attractive light gray bark.
Native to: Chihuahuan Desert
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Willow Acacia
Botanical Name: Acacia salicina


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 30' h x 15' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream puffballs
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: upright, open low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Suitable screen for narrow areas.
Native to: Australia
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Shoestring Acacia
Botanical Name: Acacia stenophylla


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 30' h x 20' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream puffballs
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: fall to winter
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dusky green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: upright, airy low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Tall screening tree. Avoid overwatering.
Native to: Australia
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Palo Blanco
Botanical Name: Acacia willardiana


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 20' h x 10' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream spikes
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: slow-moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: upright, airy low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 21-30° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Striking white peeling bark. Nice accent tree.
Native to: southern Sonoran Desert
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Anacacho Orchid Tree
Botanical Name: Bauhinia lunarioides


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 8' h x 6' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: white or pink
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring to summer
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: slow-moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: shrublike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Small patio tree. Leaves are shaped like butterflies.
May be sold as B. congesta
Native to: Chihuahuan Desert
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Mexican Blue Palm
Botanical Name: Brahea armata


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 15' h x 8' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream garlands
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: summer
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: silvery blue
Growth Rate: very slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: coarse
Form: fan palm low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium
Other Features: Bold tropical palm. Well suited to containers.
Native to: Baja California
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Cascalote
Botanical Name: Caesalpinia cacalaco


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 15' h x 15' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Showy yellow spikes
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: winter to spring
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: slow-moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: vase-shaped low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium
Other Features: Stunning winter flowers are followed by colorful seed pods.
Native to: Mexico
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Mexican Bird of Paradise
Botanical Name: Caesalpinia mexicana


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 10' h x 8' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Yellow spikes
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring to fall
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: moderate-fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: upright, open low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Attracts Wildlife: birds, hummingbirds growing plants in the desert southwest
Other Features: Can be grown as a small tree. Attracts hummingbirds.
Native to: Mexico
Plant Type: tree, shrub
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Canyon Hackberry
Botanical Name: Celtis reticulata


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 25' h x 25' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Green (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: coarse
Form: sprawling low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: <0° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: yes growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Attracts Wildlife: birds growing plants in the desert southwest
Other Features: Distinctive trunk. Birds relish the tiny orange berries.
Native to: western U.S.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Hybrid Palo Verde
Botanical Name: Cercidium hybrid


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 25' h x 25' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Yellow
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring to summer
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: vase-shaped low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Overwatering may cause limbs to break.
Recently reclassified as Parkinsonia hybrid.
Native to: Horticultural Selection
Look for 'Desert Museum' or other selections.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Blue Palo Verde
Botanical Name: Cercidium floridum


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 30' h x 30' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Bright yellow
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: blue-green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: vase-shaped low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: small
Attracts Wildlife: birds growing plants in the desert southwest
Other Features: Vivid spring color. Nesting for birds.
Recently reclassified as Parkinsonia florida.
Native to: Sonoran Desert
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Foothills Palo Verde
Botanical Name: Cercidium microphyllum


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 15' h x 15' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Sulfur yellow
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: mid to late spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: lime green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: shrublike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: small
Other Features: Good for naturalistic landscapes. Form has character.
Recently reclassified as Parkinsonia microphylla.
Native to: Sonoran Desert
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Palo Brea
Botanical Name: Cercidium praecox


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 25' h x 25' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Bright yellow
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: late spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: blue-green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: umbrellalike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 21-30° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: small
Other Features: Distinctive sculptural form. Lime-green bark.
Recently reclassified as Parkinsonia praecox.
Native to: Mexico into S. America
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Mediterranean Fan Palm
Botanical Name: Chamaerops humilis


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 10' h x 10' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: summer
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: coarse
Form: fan palm low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium, thorns on leaves
Other Features: Multitrunked palm for small areas and containers.
Native to: Africa, Mediterranean
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Desert Willow
Botanical Name: Chilopsis linearis


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 25' h x 20' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: White, pink, purple, trumpet-shaped
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring to fall
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: irregular low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: <0° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Attracts Wildlife: birds, hummingbirds growing plants in the desert southwest
Other Features: Leafless in winter. Beautiful flowers attract hummingbirds.
Native to: Mexico, southwest U.S.
Look for selections that offer a variety of flower colors, branching structures, and leaf forms.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Silk Floss Tree
Botanical Name: Chorisia speciosa


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 30' h x 25' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Pink to red, showy
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: fall
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: pale green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: upright low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: 21-30° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: large, thorns on trunk
Other Features: Spectacular show of flowers. Distinctive trunk.
Native to: Argentina, Brazil
Look for selections that offer a variety of flower colors.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Texas Olive
Botanical Name: Cordia boissieri


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 10' h x 10' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: White, showy
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring to fall
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: gray-green
Growth Rate: slow-moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: coarse
Form: upright, dense low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Can be grown as a small tree.
Native to: Mexico, northern Mexico, south Texas, Texas
Plant Type: tree, shrub
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Indian Rosewood
Botanical Name: Dalbergia sissoo


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 40' h x 30' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: bright green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: upright low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 21-30° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Large shade tree.
Native to: India
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Red-cap Gum
Botanical Name: Eucalyptus erythrocorys


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 25' h x 15' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Red buds followed by yellow clusters
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: summer
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: upright low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 21-30° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Effective screen.
Native to: Australia
Also try E. torquata.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Coolibah
Botanical Name: Eucalyptus microtheca


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 35' h x 25' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: summer
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: gray-green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: irregular low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Accepts lawn conditions.
Native to: Australia
Also try E. papuana.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Kidneywood
Botanical Name: Eysenhardtia orthocarpa


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 15' h x 10' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: White spikes
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: summer
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: shrublike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Shrub or small tree. Good for naturalistic setting.
Native to: Sonora Mexico, southern Arizona
Plant Type: tree, shrub
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Little-leaf Ash
Botanical Name: Fraxinus greggii


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 10' h x 8' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Green (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: rounded low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: yes growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Graceful shrub or small tree. Attractive gray bark with age.
Native to: Chihuahuan Desert
Plant Type: tree, shrub
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Feather Bush
Botanical Name: Lysiloma microphylla v. thornberi


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 15' h x 15' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream puffballs
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: late spring to early summer
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: irregular low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 21-30° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: high
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Lush appearance. Grow as a shrub or small tree.
May be sold as L. watsonii.
Native to: Arizona, Mexico, Sonora Mexico
Plant Type: tree, shrub
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Fruitless Olive
Botanical Name: Olea europaea


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 25' h x 25' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: gray-green
Growth Rate: slow-moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: rounded crown low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Provides a mediterranean look.
Native to: Horticultural Selection
Only pollenless and fruitless selections can be legally purchased for landscape use.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Ironwood
Botanical Name: Olneya tesota


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 25' h x 25' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Dusty lavender
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: late spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: gray-green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: rounded crown low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium
Other Features: This handsome tree lends character to the landscape.
Native to: Sonoran Desert
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Afghan Pine
Botanical Name: Pinus eldarica


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 50' h x 30' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Brown cones
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season:
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: irregular low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Provides a mediterranean look. Consider mature size.
May be sold as P. brutia ssp. eldarica.
Native to: Afghanistan
Also try P. canariensis.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Chinese Pistache
Botanical Name: Pistacia chinensis


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 40' h x 35' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Green (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: rounded crown low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Dense shade tree. Striking fall color, red fruit on female trees.
Native to: China, Philippines
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Mastic Tree
Botanical Name: Pistacia lentiscus


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 15' h x 20' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Green (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: shrublike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Use for screening or train into a small specimen tree.
Native to: Mediterranean
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Texas Ebony
Botanical Name: Pithecellobium flexicaule


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 20' h x 15' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream to yellow
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: late spring to early summer
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: irregular low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium
Other Features: Rich green foliage color. Bark sunburns if tree is overpruned.
Recently reclassified as Ebenopsis ebano.
Native to: Mexico, south Texas, Texas
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Mexican Ebony
Botanical Name: Pithecellobium mexicanum


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 30' h x 20' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream puffballs
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: gray-green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: irregular, open low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: small
Other Features: Good for naturalistic landscapes.
Recently reclassified as Havardia mexicana.
Native to: Sonora Mexico
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Tenaza
Botanical Name: Pithecellobium pallens


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 25' h x 12' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Cream puffballs
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: summer
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: medium green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: shrublike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium
Other Features: Attractive gray bark. Fragrant flowers.
Recently reclassified as Havardia pallens.
Native to: northeast Mexico, south Texas
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Chilean Mesquite
Botanical Name: Prosopis species


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 30' h x 30' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Yellow-green
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: wide crown low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: variable
Other Features: Limit water to control rapid growth and windstorm uprooting.
May be sold as P. chilensis, P. alba, or P. hybrid.
Native to: horticultural selection
Look for thornless selections.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Texas Honey Mesquite
Botanical Name: Prosopis glandulosa v. glandulosa


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 30' h x 30' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Pale yellow
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: bright green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: wide crown low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: <0° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: large
Other Features: Graceful character. Thornless selections are available.
Native to: Mexico, Texas
P. glandulosa v. torreyana is the Western Honey Mesquite.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Velvet Mesquite
Botanical Name: Prosopis velutina


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 25' h x 25' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Pale yellow
Sun: full or reflected sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: very low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: gray-green
Growth Rate: moderate-fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: fine
Form: wide crown low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: <0° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: medium
Other Features: Excellent wildlife plant.
May be sold as P. juliflora.
Native to: Chihuahuan Desert, Sonoran Desert
Also try P. pubescens.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Live Oak
Botanical Name: Quercus virginiana


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 40' h x 50' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Green (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: wide crown low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: <0° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: yes growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Accepts lawn conditions. Consider mature size.
Native to: southeast U.S.
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Texas Mountain Laurel
Botanical Name: Sophora secundiflora


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 8' h x 6' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Purple clusters
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: upright, dense low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Fragrant flowers. Can be grown as a small tree.
Native to: Chihuahuan Desert
Plant Type: tree, shrub
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Evergreen Elm
Botanical Name: Ulmus parvifolia


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 35' h x 35' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Green (nonshowy)
Sun: full sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: fast plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: umbrellalike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? semievergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Attractive bark. Accepts lawn conditions.
Native to: China
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Mexican Buckeye
Botanical Name: Ungnadia speciosa


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 10' h x 10' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Rose-pink
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: spring
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: coarse
Form: shrublike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: 1-10° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: seasonal
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Fragrant flowers. Large shrub or small patio tree.
Native to: Chihuahuan Desert
Plant Type: tree, shrub
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Arizona Rosewood
Botanical Name: Vauquelinia californica


[Plant Info Sheet]
plants good for pools low litter

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Mature Size: 10' h x 8' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: White clusters
Sun: , full sun, partial sun, plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: early summer
Water: low plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: slow plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: upright low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? evergreen
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: low
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Attracts Wildlife: , growing plants in the desert southwest
Other Features: Can be grown as a small tree. Native alternative to Oleander.
Native to: , Sonoran Desert,
Plant Type: , tree, shrub,
[Plant Info Sheet]


Common Name: Chaste Tree
Botanical Name: Vitex agnus-castus


[Plant Info Sheet]

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Mature Size: 20' h x 20' w plant photos and information for the desert southwest Flower Color: Lavender spikes.
Sun: full sun, partial sun plant size and pictures for the desert southwest Flower Season: summer to fall
Water: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Color: dark green
Growth Rate: moderate plant flower color for the desert southwest Foliage Texture: medium
Form: shrublike low litter plants for the desert southwest Evergreen? deciduous
Hardiness: 11-20° F yard plants for the desert southwest Litter: moderate
Allergenic: no growing plants in the desert southwest Thorns: none
Other Features: Fragrant flowers. Seeds are hazardous on sidewalks.
Native to: southern Europe
Plant Type: tree
[Plant Info Sheet]